‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf

‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf R

‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf R was one of the early converts of Islam.

He was a prominent Sahabi (Companion of Muhammad S).

Both the parents of ‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf R belonged to Banu (Family of) Zuhrah clan of the Quraysh tribe.

Banu (Family of) Zuhrah clan was named after Zuhrah bin Kilab.

Zuhrah bin Kilab was great-grandfather of Aminah bint Wahb, the mother of Muhammad S.

Zuhrah bin Kilab had a younger brother named Qusayy bin Kilab.

Qusayy bin Kilab was the first Quraysh caretaker of Ka’bah.

Kilab bin Murrah, the father of Zuhrah bin Kilab, was an ancestor of ‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf R as well as Muhammad S.

The given name of ‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf R was ‘Abdul Ka’bah or ‘Abd ‘Amr. These names meant the servant of Ka’bah or the servant of ‘Amr.

Muhammad S changed these name to ‘Abdur RahmaR, when he became a Muslim. It means servant of Allah.

‘Auf bin ‘Abd ‘Auf, the father of ‘Abdur RahmaR, was a trader. Once ‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf R went to a trading trip with his father.

‘UthmaR and his father ‘Affan bin al ‘As, and Fakah bin Mughirah, the uncle of Khalid bin Walid R were also in this caravan to Yaman.

The Banu Jazimah tribe attacked their caravan.

His father ‘Auf bin ‘Abd ‘Auf and Fakah bin Mughirah, the uncle of Khalid bin Walid R were killed in this attack. ‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf R killed the murderer of his father.

‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf R had abandoned drinking long before accepting Islam.

He became a Muslim because of the of Abu Bakr R.

‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf R was among the as-Sabiqin al-Awwalin (Early convert to Islam). He was probably the thirteenth person to accept Islam.

He was also one of the ‘Asharah Mubashsharah (Ten companions of Muhammad S, who were given the news of Heaven, in their lifetime).

He migrated to Habash (Ethiopia) during the first Hijrah (Migration), in the year 9BH (Before Hijrah) (613 AD). He had left his family in Makkah.

‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf R returned to Makkah some time later.

He migrated to Yathrib (Madinah) in the great Hijrah (Migration).

In Yathrib (Madinah)‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf R stayed with Sa’d bin Rabi’ R, an Ansar.

When Muhammad S migrated to Madinah, he tied a Muhajir (Migrant) Muslim with an Ansar Muslim, in brotherhood. This brotherhood was called Muwakhah (Brotherhood).

Ansar means Helper.

Muslims of Madinah were called Ansar, because they helped the Muhajir (Migrant) Muslims of Makkah.

‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf R became a brother of Sa’d bin Rabi’ R.

Sa’d bin Rabi’ R showed exemplary sacrifice towards his Muhajir (Migrantbrother.

He divided all of his belongings into two portions and offered one of them to ‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf R.

‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf R thanked him very much and asked Sa’d bin ‘Auf R to show him the bazaar, instead.

He started trading in the bazaar of Qaynuqa, from the next morning after migrating to Madinah. He started out with cheese and other dairy products.

‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf R was exceptionally successful in trading. One of his trading caravans had seven hundred (700) camels loaded with grain and other commodities.

He married Sahlah bint ‘Asim R, in Madinah.

‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf R participated in all of the battles with Muhammad S.

He fought very bravely in the Battle of Badr in 2H (Hijrah) (623 AD).

In the Battle of Uhud, he was one of the few Sahabah (companions of Muhammad S), who shielded Muhammad S.

‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf R received twenty-one (21) wounds all over his body in the battle.

‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘AufR could not walk straight for the rest of his life, because of a wound on one of his legs.

In the month of Sha’ban (Eighth month of Islamic calendar), of the year 6(Hijrah) (627 AD)Muhammad S sent a Sariyyah (Military mission sent by Muhammad S) to Daumatul Jindal.

‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf R was made the Commander of the seven hundred (700) strong force. Muhammad S personally took the turban of ‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf R off and then tied a black turban on his head. Muhammad S also presented a Liwa (Flag) to him

‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf R invited the people of Domah to Islam.

Asbagh bin ‘Amr, chief of the Christian tribe Kalb, converted to Islam with many of his followers. He also married his daughter Tamadhar to ‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf R as a gesture of friendship and trust.

‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘AufR took part in the Ghazwah (Military mission, in which Muhammad personally took part) of Tabuk.

There, he got the rare honor to lead the Salah Fajr (Morning Prayers) in the presence of Muhammad S.

In the year 13H (Hijrah) (635 AD), ‘Umar bin Khattab R, the second Khalifah (Caliph) of Muslims, could not go for Hajj (The annual pilgrimage to Ka’bah). He deputed ‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf R as the AmiHajj (Leader for Hajj).

‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf R was also a member of the Shura (Advisory Committee) of ‘Umar bin Khattab R.

In the year 14H (Hijrah) (635 AD), a large Muslim army was raised. This army was to be sent to ‘Iraq, to reinforce the Muslim forces there. Muslim forces were already fighting there under the command of Sa’d bin Abu Waqqas R.

‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf R was made the commander of Maymanah (Left wing).

People wanted the Khalifah (Caliph) of Muslims to lead the army.

‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf R opposed this popular demand. He reasoned that ‘Umar bin Khattab R, the Khalifah (Caliphof Muslims should stay back to provide leadership to them. ‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf R proposed the name of Sa’d bin Malik R to lead this Muslim army. Every one liked his choice.

In the year 23H (Hijrah) (643 AD)‘Umar bin Khattab R, the second Khalifah (Caliph) of Muslims performed his last Hajj (The annual pilgrimage to Ka’bah)‘Umar bin Khattab R had made arrangements to take the holy wives of Muhammad S, with him for Hajj‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf R and ‘Uthman bin ‘Affan R escorted the ladies.

‘Uthman bin ‘Affan R later became the third Khalifah (Caliph) of Muslims.

A few days after returning from this Hajj (The annual pilgrimage to Ka’bah)‘Umar bin Khattab R stood up to lead the Salah Fajr (Morning Prayersin the Masjid Nabi (Mosque of the Messenger). A Persian slave named Firoz (Abu Lulu), stabbed him with a dagger.

‘Umar bin Khattab R, the second Khalifah (Caliph) of Muslims was seriously injured in this attack.

This incident took place on Wednesday, the 26th day of Zul Hijjah (Twelfth month of the Islamic calendar) in the year 23H (November 2, 644 AD).

‘Umar bin Khattab R pulled ‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf R near him and asked him to lead the Salah (Prayers). Most of the Muslims found out about the attack on the life of their Khalifah (Caliph), only after the Salah (Prayers) were over.

‘Umar bin Khattab R, achieved Shahadah (Martyrdom) three days later.

He was laid to rest in his grave by ‘Uthman bin ‘Affan R, ‘Ali bin Abu Talib R, Sa’d bin Abu Waqqas R, Zubayr bin Al ‘Awwam R and ‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf R.

‘Umar bin Khattab R was buried in the room of ‘A’ishah bint Abu Bakr R, near the feet of Muhammad S.

Abu Bakr R the first Khalifah (Caliph) of Muslims was also buried there earlier.

Before his death ‘Umar bin Khattab R had nominated a panel of six Sahabah (Companions of Muhammad S). The next Khalifah (Caliph) of Muslims was to be elected from this panel.

This panel had the following six:

  1. ‘Uthman bin ‘Affan R
  2. ‘Ali bin Abu Talib R
  3. Sa’d bin Abu Waqqas R
  4. Zubayr bin Al ‘Awwam R
  5. Talhah bin ‘Ubaydullah R and
  6. ‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf R

Selection of the next Khalifah (Caliph) from this distinguished panel was not an easy task.

‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf R helped resolve this difficult situation. He was one of the richest Muslims. Still, he was a very humble person. He voluntarily withdrew himself out of the panel although he had the same support among the Muslims as ‘Ali bin Abu Talib R and ‘Uthman bin ‘Affan R.

After three (3) days of discussions, ‘Uthman bin ‘Affan R was elected as the third (3rd) Khalifah (Caliph) of Muslims.

In the year 24H (Hijrah) (644 AD)‘Uthman bin ‘Affan R the third (3rd) Khalifah (Caliphof Muslims could not go for Hajj (The annual pilgrimage to Ka’bah). He deputed ‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf R as the AmiHajj (Leader for Hajj).

‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf R was very close to ‘Uthman bin ‘Affan R. He always supported him.

‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf R was a very generous person. He used to donate large amounts of money to the poor and needy. He also spent a lot of money for the cause of Islam.

He had donated forty thousand (40,000) Dinar twice. He had also donated five hundred (500) horses and five hundred (500) camels for the Muslim army.

Once he sold a piece of land for forty thousand (40,000) Dinar to ‘Uthman bin ‘Affan R. He distributed a major part of this amount among the needy of his clan Banu (Family of) Zuhrah of the Quraysh tribe.

He also gifted a part of this money to the holy wives of Muhammad S. He had earlier given them an orchard, which was sold for four hundred thousand (400,000) Dinar.

He donated forty thousand (40,000) horses to the cause of Allah, a little before his death.

He also gifted four hundred (400) Dinar for each of the Sahabah Badr (Companions of Muhammad S, who fought with him in the Battle of Badr). At that time about one hundred (100) of them were alive.

He used to issue Fatawa (Religious judgments) during the lifetime of Muhammad S.

‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf R died in the year 32H (Hijrah) (652 AD).

His Salah Janazah (Funeral Prayers) was led by ‘Uthman bin ‘Affan R the third (3rd) Khalifah (Caliph) of Muslims.