As for prophets ages:
Only few are authentically known, Age details except for few did not come in Qur’an or Hadith (Prophet Mohammad sayings.)
Old historians and some modern enthusiast, noted prophets ages from unreliable sources. Also many referred to current Bible in hand, which was confirmed by Biblical scholars, that it can not be used as an accurate historical reference.
What is known to Muslims about Prophets ages are the following:
- Adam 960 years
- David 100 years
which is taken on the following Hadith of Prophet Mohammad (ﷺ):
- “When Allah created Adam He wiped his back and every person that He created among his offspring until the Day of Resurrection fell out of his back. He placed a ray of light between the eyes of every person. Then He showed them to Adam and he said: ‘O Lord! Who are these people?’ He said: ‘These are your offspring.’ He saw one of them whose ray between his eyes amazed him, so he said: ‘O Lord! Who is this?’ He said: ‘This is a man from the latter nations of your offspring called David. He said: Lord! How long did You make his lifespan? He said: ‘Sixty years.’ He said: ‘O Lord! Add forty years from my life to his.’ So at the end of Adam’s life, the Angel of death of came to him, and he said: ‘Do I not have forty years remaining?’ He said: ‘Did you not give them to your son David?'” He said: “Adam denied, so his offspring denied, and Adam forgot and his offspring forgot, and Adam sinned, so his offspring sinned.” (Narrated by Tirmidhi #3076, grade Hasan.)
In another authentic narration In “Musnad Ahmad” the initial set age of Adam was 1000 years before the deduction of 40 years.
- Noah lived more than 950 years, longer than any other prophet and. As stated in Qur’an he sent 950 years calling his people to quit worshiping the five idols mentioned in Qur’an and to believe only in the One and Only Creator, God, before the events of the great flood took place. Noah lived a period of time after the flood, which was untold, hence we can not tell his full age. In current Bible his age was stated as 600 years before flood plus 350 after, which is lesser than Qur’an, and can’t be referenced to.
- Abraham lived over 80 years taken from following narration: Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said: “That Prophet Abraham circumcised himself after he had passed the age of eighty years and he circumcised himself with an adze.” (narrated by Bukhari #6298, and Muslim# 2370)
- Prophet Mohammad lived 63 years.
This is what is known to us in authentic Muslim scriptures.